12/16/2016 1:50:00 PM

Malaria Prevention in India: Gadchiroli

With nearly 1.3 billion people, India has four times the population of the U.S., yet only one-third of the surface area.* This same number also represents the number of people at some risk of malaria in the Southeast Asia region.

Malaria prevention in Gadchiroli villageMalaria-Endemic India

Of the country’s 1.3 billion inhabitants, 70 percent reside in rural areas. A vast majority of the population works in agriculture, another factor increasing exposure to the mosquito-borne disease. In 2015, there were an estimated 26 million malaria deaths in the Southeast Asia region, according to the recently released 2016 World Malaria Report.

The Annual Parasitic Index (API) is another measure that looks at malaria cases compared to the total population. In Gadchiroli, the insecticides currently being used for indoor residual spraying (IRS) are not achieving the desired effectiveness.

Public Health Partnership in Gadchiroli

Together with local health officers and village inhabitants, Bayer brings a new IRS solution to Gadchiroli where malaria continues to be an issue. Environmental conditions like dense forest and water collection play an important role when determining how much product to apply and where. Training in proper product application provides an alternative, holistic solution that will hopefully yield measurable results.

Sharing the Epidemiological Data

As part of the program, the IRS training and application will be followed by data collection and analysis. If the program successfully lowers the API, sharing the study results could have a significant impact on malaria in India and other parts of Southeast Asia. So far, feedback is positive but a more definitive answer will depend on the results of the study which are expected in January 2017.

By the Numbers: Malaria in India and Southeast Asia*

  • With nearly 1.3 billion people, India has four times the population of the U.S., yet only one-third of the surface area.
  • 1.3 billion also represents the number of people at some risk of malaria in the Southeast Asia region.
  • 70 % of population resides in rural areas with 65-70% working in agriculture
  • Estimated 14 million malaria cases and 26 million deaths in Southeast Asia region, according to the World Health Organization’s 2016 World Malaria Report.
  • Focus on 2 villages in Gadchiroli district, located in central state of Maharashtra.

*Numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO)