Vector-Borne Diseases
The transmission of human and animal diseases by certain groups of arthropods is well-documented and established. Looking at the list of insects classified as disease vectors and the spectrum they can carry, it is no wonder that their control is regarded as such an important mean of protecting public health.

Mosquitoes are the most significant of the disease-carrying insects; they are associated with diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue, Zika, various encephalitis-type diseases and some of the worm parasites that cause filariasis. Other disease-carrying vectors include Tsetse flies, triatomid bugs, the true (Phlebotomid) sandflies, Simulid blackflies and fleas, as well as ticks and other arthropods.

In the absence of effective vaccines, drugs or other means, vector control remains a primary intervention in the protection of public health.

Typical vector control techniques include indoor residual spraying, space spraying against flying insects, larval source management and larvicides and the use of insecticide-treated materials such as bednets.


Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium which is transmitted by female Anopheline mosquitoes.
Know more about Malaria


Dengue is a disease caused by a mosquito-borne flavivirus. Infection can result in mild illness or life-threatening disease.
Know more about Dengue

Neglected tropical diseases

Neglected tropical diseases include a group of infections which are present in different countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Know more about NTDs


The Zika virus is spread by Aedes mosquitoes. The same mosquitoes can also transmit dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
Know more about Zika