The optimal approach in vector control is to adopt a strategy of integrated vector management; an approach which utilises a range of complementary non-chemical and chemical interventions to achieve the desired goal.
History has shown that, in any pest management situation, where there is heavy reliance upon one intervention method (be it in the application of crop protection agents or in the control of insect vectors of disease) the effectiveness of that intervention can deteriorate over time as the pest population evolves (eg. development of insecticide resistance).
Such approaches are also seldom ecologically sound. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has been the norm in agriculture for many years and involves the adoption of various techniques which focus on prevention, observation and intervention. Integrated Vector Management (IVM) reflects similar principles and is a decision making process that optimises the use of all available resources. It results in the management of vector populations and a reduction or interruption in a vector-borne disease.
IVM takes into account all available resources, across all sectors which may have an impact on vector populations or disease transmission (including health sector infrastructure, public and private sector involvement and engagement at a community level) and is based upon the selection of proven intervention methods tailored to local vector biology and ecology. These methods may need to be used separately or in combination and may have additive or synergistic effects. The end goal is more efficacious, cost effective, ecologically sound and sustainable vector-borne disease management.
Bayer supports the philosophy of Integrated Vector Management (IVM) and provides not only a wide range of vector control products, but also is working on specific innovative solutions perfectly suited for adoption in IVM programs.
We have developed the Mosquito Learning Lab, as an online tool to provide information to the general public about mosquito breeding and diseases like dengue and zika virus which they might carry. Learn more